Who invented RRB?
George Stephenson, (born June 9, 1781, Wylam, Northumberland, England—died August 12, 1848, Chesterfield, Derbyshire), English engineer and principal inventor of the railroad locomotive. Stephenson was the son of a mechanic who operated a Newcomen atmospheric-steam engine that was used to pump out a coal mine at Newcastle upon Tyne,
The boy went to work at an early age and without formal schooling; by age 19 he was operating a Newcomen engine. His curiosity aroused by the Napoleonic war news, he enrolled in night school and learned to read and write. He soon married and, in order to earn extra income, learned to repair shoes, fix clocks, and cut clothes for miners’ wives, getting a mechanic friend, the future Sir William Fairbairn, to take over his engine part-time.
His genius with steam engines, however, presently won him the post of engine wright (chief mechanic) at Killingworth colliery. Stephenson’s first wife died, leaving him with a young son, Robert, whom he sent to a Newcastle school to learn mathematics; every night when the boy came home, father and son went over the homework together, both learning.
- In 1813 George Stephenson visited a neighbouring colliery to examine a “steam boiler on wheels” constructed by John Blenkinsop to haul coal out of the mines.
- In the belief that the heavy contraption could not gain traction on smooth wooden rails, Blenkinsop had given it a ratchet wheel running on a cogged third rail, an arrangement that created frequent breakdowns.
Stephenson thought he could do better, and, after conferring with Lord Ravensworth, the principal owner of Killingworth, he built the Blucher, an engine that drew eight loaded wagons carrying 30 tons of coal at 4 miles (6 km) per hour. Not satisfied, he sought to improve his locomotive’s power and introduced the ” steam blast,” by which exhaust steam was redirected up the chimney, pulling air after it and increasing the draft.
The new design made the locomotive truly practical. Over the next few years, Stephenson built several locomotives for Killingworth and other collieries and gained a measure of fame by inventing a mine-safety lamp. In 1821 he heard of a project for a railroad, employing draft horses, to be built from Stockton to Darlington to facilitate exploitation of a rich vein of coal.
At Darlington he interviewed the promoter, Edward Pease, and so impressed him that Pease commissioned him to build a steam locomotive for the line. On September 27, 1825, railroad transportation was born when the first public passenger train, pulled by Stephenson’s Active (later renamed Locomotion ), ran from Darlington to Stockton, carrying 450 persons at 15 miles (24 km) per hour.
- Liverpool and Manchester interests called him in to build a 40-mile (64-km) railroad line to connect the two cities.
- To survey and construct the line, Stephenson had to outwit the violent hostility of farmers and landlords who feared, among other things, that the railroad would supplant horse-drawn transportation and shut off the market for oats.
When the Liverpool-Manchester line was nearing completion in 1829, a competition was held for locomotives; Stephenson’s new engine, the Rocket, which he built with his son, Robert, won with a speed of 36 miles (58 km) per hour. Eight locomotives were used when the Liverpool-Manchester line opened on September 15, 1830, and all of them had been built in Stephenson’s Newcastle works.
From this time on, railroad building spread rapidly throughout Britain, Europe, and North America, and George Stephenson continued as the chief guide of the revolutionary transportation medium, solving problems of roadway construction, bridge design, and locomotive and rolling-stock manufacture. He built many other railways in the Midlands, and he acted as consultant on many railroad projects at home and abroad.
The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica This article was most recently revised and updated by Erik Gregersen,
How many RRB are there in India?
Q: How many RRB in India 2023? A: There are 43 Regional Rural banks in India.
Who operates RRB?
Regional Rural Bank – Wikipedia Government banks at regional level Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) TypeIndustry, Founded2 October 1975 ; 47 years ago ( 1975-10-02 ) Number of locations 21871 Products,,,,,,,,, Owner (50%), (35%), (15%), Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) are of India that operate at regional level in different states of,
How much do Emirates pilots earn?
How much does a Airline Pilot at The Emirates Group make? The typical The Emirates Group Airline Pilot salary is AED 360,000 per year. Airline Pilot salaries at The Emirates Group can range from AED 39,000 – AED 2,000,000 per year.
Who pays pilots the most?
What are commercial pilots’ salaries in the USA? – In the USA, the yearly average airline pilot salary (First Officer) in a major airline is $39,000-$119,000, while Captains in the same type of airline can make $70,000-$257,000. Alaskan Airlines, Delta Airlines, Southwest Airlines, and others are topping the list of the best-paying carriers in the country.