Muharram 2023 Date In India

Muharram 2023 : Muharram is the first month of the Islamic Calendar and it also marks the start of the new Islamic year. Muharram holds a great significance among Muslims. This sacred month is also known as the Hijri and the ‘Month of Allah’. Muslim people are encouraged to engage in religious activities.

  1. The Islamic calendar is based on 12 lunar months, the sighting of a new moon determines the start of a new month.
  2. In 2023, Muharram commenced on Wednesday, 19th July 2023.
  3. The 10th day of Muharram known as Ashura is being observed today i.e., on July 29, 2023,
  4. Muharram 2023: Significance Muharram holds an immense importance among Muslims.

This day commemorates the death of the prophet Muhammed’s grandson, Hussein Ibn Ali. Muharram is also a time of remembrance for the Muslim Ummah. On the 10th Muharram (Day of Ashura) in the 61st year of the Islamic Calendar, the Battle of Karbala took place and Imam Hussain, the beloved grandson of the Prophet, was brutally martyred.

He was brutally murdered during the month, when fighting was forbidden. People observe fast on 9th day before Ashura. This sacred month is also referred in Hadith as the month of Allah. It is the first month of the Islamic calendar, marking the hijrah (emigration) of the Muslims to Medina and the establishment of the first Islamic state in 622 CE.

What Is Ashura? Ashura is the 10th day of Muharram. People should observe fast on this sacred day. Ashura day is the opportunity to show gratitude towards Allah. Processions are carried out by a large number of Muslims on the day of Ashura. They perform mourning ritual.

Some people visit mosques, offer prayers and spend time there, cry over the death of hussain and remember their sacrifice. Many people do chest beating, forehead cutting and do self flagellation in which they use sharp weapons such as chains that have attached blades, they carry sharp knives and swords and this is how they express their sorrow.

Muharram is not a festival to celebrate but it is the month of Mourning. Muharram 2023: FAQs

When is Muharram? Muharram begins on July 19, 2023. Why Muharram is celebrated? Muharram marks the beginning of the new Islamic year.


What date is 9 and 10 Muharram 2023?

9th 10th Muharram (Ashura) 2023 Date in Pakistan 9th and 10th Muharram, also known as Ashura, is observed every year in Pakistan. People observe Ashura to commemorate and mourn the martyrdom of Imam Hussain A.S. and his companions in Karbala. Imam Hussain was the grandson of Prophet (SAWW).

  1. He, his family members, and his companions were brutally massacred by Yazid bin Muawia’s bloodthirsty army in Karbala on 10th Muharram 61 Hijri.
  2. Ashura is a public holiday in Pakistan.
  3. To observe 9th and 10th Muharram, the people of Pakistan participate in processions and majalis to remember the sacrifice of Imam Hussain for Islam and humanity.

They also offer prayers, distribute food, mourn, perform latmiya, and narrate the anecdote of Karbala.9th and 10th Muharram will be observed in Pakistan on Friday, 28 July 2023 and Saturday, 29 July 2023, Dates may vary according to moon sighting. Muharram 2023 Date In India Ashura Messages You can send the following messages to your friends on 9th & 10th Muharram. In the battlefield of Karbala, Imam stood up against injustice and falsehood and gave us a bright path to follow. Haihath Minna Zillah. Imam-e-Aali-Maqam sacrificed everything he had for Islam and for Allah.

  1. It is rightly said that “Haqqa ke Binae La Ilah Ast Husaain”.
  2. The grandson of Prophet (SAWW) and son of Shair-e-Khuda Ali A.S.
  3. Faced the cruel enemy with great courage.
  4. He did all this to please God Almighty.
  5. Salam Ya Hussain! After the shahadat of Imam A.S., every Day is Ashura and each territory is Karbala.

May Allah bless us with the courage to become Ashurai, Karbalai, and Hussaini. Aameen Karbala was a battle between haq and batil. Imam A.S. represented haq and he will be always remembered for his bravery, courage, and sacrifice. Maula Hussain, you saved Islam by sacrificing your life and the lives of your loved ones. : 9th 10th Muharram (Ashura) 2023 Date in Pakistan

Is Muharram a Shia or Sunni festival?

Muharram 2023 Date : Muharram holds an immense importance among Muslims. It is the first month as per Islamic Lunar Calendar and observed by all the Muslims across the world. This month is known as the month of Allah. The month of Muharram started on July 19, 2023.

The 10th and the most important day i.e., Ashura is being observed on July 29, 2023, Muharram 2023: Significance Muharram has a great significance among Muslims. Muharram is considered as the month of Allah. Sunni people observe fast on this day whereas Shia people mourn on the 10th day of Muharram, Muslims commemorate the death of Prophet Mohammad’s grand son Hussain Ibn Ali.

He was brutally martyred during this month when fighting was forbidden. Most of the people get involved in prayers, visiting mosques, observing fasts, reading holy books and show their gratitude towards Allah. Muharram 2023: What Is Ashura? Ashura is the 10th day in the month of Muharram.

  1. People participate in the religious activities on the 10th day.
  2. Shia Muslims participate in the self flagellation, chest beating, forehead cutting with sharpen knives and chain in which blades are attached.
  3. This is the way to show their sorrow.
  4. All the Muslim people come out of their house and walk on the streets and roads and express their grief.

For them its not a month of celebration. Muharram 2023: FAQs

When Muharram month started? Muharram, the month of Allah began on July 19, 2023. When is Ashura ? Ashura is the 10th day of Muharram, will be observed on July 29, 2023.

Why Shia celebrate Muharram?

In a significant development, Muharram procession was allowed by J&K administration in Srinagar after nearly three decades. While the decision to allow the procession on the 8th of Muharram, which marks the starting of the Islamic year (this year starting on July 19), has been widely praised.

  • It has also generated calls to abolish the ban on the traditional Ashura march on Muharram 10th.
  • Ashura processions are extremely important to Shia Muslims all over the world because they commemorate the martyrdom of Imam Hussain, the Prophet’s grandson, who was killed in the Battle of Karbala in present-day Iraq in 680 AD (10 Muharram 61 AH).

Historically, Muharram processions faced restrictions under the Dogra rulers of Jammu and Kashmir, with the bans intensifying during the onset of militancy in the region. In the 1920s, the Dogras ordered that Muharram processions should be wrapped up before sunrise, citing “Shia-Sunni tensions”.

However, a few individuals, including prominent Sunni merchant Khwaja Saad-ud Din Shawl and Shia jagirdar Aga Sayyid Hussain Jalali, organized defiant processions in the 1920s, which became linked with Kashmir’s struggle for freedom against Dogra rule. In the past, the main Muharram procession in Srinagar commenced from Abi Guzar, passed through the old city, and culminated at Zadibal, with the Ansari and Aga families leading it alternately.

This procession attracted both Shia and Sunni mourners, with Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah advocating for unity between the communities. For several decades, the Muharram processions followed their usual itineraries. The authorities refused permission in 1988 because Muharram coincided with the death of Pakistan’s President Gen Zia-ul-Haq, which sparked unrest in the Kashmir Valley.

  1. After the militancy began, the government prohibited the main Muharram procession in Srinagar.
  2. Despite successive governments imposing bans on the main Muharram procession, smaller processions persisted in the Shia-dominated areas of the city.
  3. Notably, mourners led by Abbas Ansari and his son Masroor Abbas continued to defy the restrictions, resulting in confrontations with security forces and pro-separatist protests.

The recent decision to allow the Muharram procession signals a shift in the government’s approach, prompting hope for a revival of this traditional religious event after a long hiatus. (Catch all the Business News, Breaking News Events and Latest News Updates on The Economic Times,) Download The Economic Times News App to get Daily Market Updates & Live Business News.

When to fast Ashura 2023?

When is Ashura 2023 – Day of Ashura or 10 Muharram 2023 is expected to take place on the 28th or 29th of July 2023 (10th Muharram accordingly). However, the exact date of Ashura 2023 depends on your location and sighting of the Moon of Muharram 1445. Islamic Calendar 2023

Is Ashura 9th or 10th Muharram?

It occurs annually on the 10th of Muharram, the first month of the Islamic calendar. Among Shia Muslims, Ashura is observed through large demonstrations of high-scale mourning as it marks the death of Husayn ibn Ali (a grandson of Muhammad), who was beheaded during the Battle of Karbala in 680 CE.

What is 9th and 10th of Muharram?

Lesson Transcript –

Hello, and welcome to the Culture Class- Holidays in Iran Series at In this series, we’re exploring the traditions behind Iranian holidays and observances. I’m Eric, and you’re listening to Season 1, Lesson 6, the 9th and 10th Days of Muharram. In Persian, they’re called taasuaa and aashooraa.
Do you know what “taasuaa” and “aashooraa” mean? They are the respective names Muslims give to the ninth day and tenth day of the month of Muharram, which is the first month of the Islamic lunar calendar. It was during these days in which “the Battle of Karbala” took place.
In this lesson, we will also discuss Emam Hossein, the martyr who was killed on aashooraa to whom these two days are dedicated.
Now, before we get into more detail, do you know the answer to this question-
What does the word nakhl, which is used during the mourning ceremonies of the month of Muharram, mean?
If you don’t already know, you’ll find out a bit later. Keep listening.
On October 10, 680 AD, a fight, or jang, broke out between Emam Hossein and Yazid, the ruler of the Omayyad Dynasty. The cause of this fight was Imam Hossein’s opposition to the illegitimate ruling of Yazid. On the ninth day of Muharram, also known as taasuaa, the troops of Yazid besieged the tents belonging to Imam Hossein’s companions. On the day of aashooraa, a harsh battle, or nabard, took place, during which Imam Hossein and his companions were martyred in an unjust manner. Now, every year, Muslims hold a widespread mourning ceremony in honor of this historical event.
Today, during taasuaa and aashooraa, we can see various daste and hei’at, which are mourning parades that are held in the streets. Daste involve groups of people holding ceremonies in congregations. At such ceremonies, men wear mostly black and engage in mourning rituals. Zanjir-zani, which is a ceremony in which people show their grief by beating their shoulders and backs with chains, is one such ritual. Sine-zani is another mourning ritual, but in this ritual participants beat their chests with their hands instead of chains. These rituals are often accompanied by the singing of mourning songs, the beating of drums, and the waving of flags. The word flag in Persian is alam.
Among other rituals particular to the 9th and 10th day of Muharram is the performance of t’azie, also called shabih-khani. This is a religious play depicting the Battle of Karbala. In another ritual called rowze-khani, the battle’s events are described in the form of storytelling and religious songs. Such rituals are usually held in religious places called tekye.
Because of his unforgettable martyrdom in the name of God, Imam Hossein has been titled by Shia Muslims as Saalaar-e Shahidaan, literally meaning Master of the Martyrs.
Now it’s time to answer our quiz question-
What does the word nakhl, which is used during the mourning ceremonies of the month of Muharram, mean?
A nakhl is a large coffin covered in black and green cloth that is carried by mourners on aashooraa as a symbol of the coffin of Imam Hossein.
So listeners, how did you like this lesson? Did you learn anything interesting?
Have you heard about the rituals celebrated on these holidays before?
Leave a comment telling us at!
And I’ll see you in the next lesson!

Why do Sunnis fast on 10th Muharram?

Ashura fasting in Muharram 2022: Date, history, significance of Shia and Sunni Muslims’ fast in Muharram The lack of any particular calendar or dating system, led Umar ibn Khattab (RA), the second Caliph and a close companion of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), to establish the Calendar 1443 years ago and is the first month of Islamic calendar which is ten or twelve days shorter than the Gregorian calendar followed by the West. Muharram 2023 Date In India A Kashmiri Shiite Muslim holds a religious flag during preparations ahead of the start of Muharram to commemorate the religious mourning period of Ashura, in Srinagar (Photo by TAUSEEF MUSTAFA / AFP) Muharram is the first month in Islamic calendar followed by the lunar months of Safar, Rabi-al-Thani, Jumada al-Awwal, Jumada ath-Thaniyah, Rajab, Shaban, Ramadan, Shawwal, Zu al-Qadah and Zu al-Hijjah.

The word Muharram means ‘not permitted’ or ‘forbidden’ hence, Muslims are prohibited from taking part in activities like warfare and use it as a period of prayer and reflection as is the most sacred month in Islam after Ramadan. Date of Ashura: Unlike the Gregorian calendar that consists of 365 days, Islamic calendar has about 354 days divided into 12 months and depends on the sighting of the crescent moon which varies from country to country.

This year, the Islamic New Year is referred to as Hijri 1444 AH (Anno Hegirae in Latin or the year of the Hijra). This means that it has been 1444 years since Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) migration from Mecca to Medina. This year, Muslims across the Middle East, including Saudi Arabia, UAE, Qatar, Kuwait, Oman, Iraq, Qatar, Bahrain and other Arab states have marked the onset of the New Islamic Year 1444 H on Saturday July 30, 2023, which was the first day of the Holy Month of Muharram al Haram.

  • Hence, Ashura in these countries will be marked on August 8, 2022.
  • In India, the Imarat-e-Shariyah Hind in New Delhi had confirmed the start of the Islamic New Year 1444 AH on Sunday July 31, 2022 and Youm-e-Ashura on Tuesday August 09, 2022.
  • Similar announcements are made by religious authorities in Pakistan and Bangladesh after the Muharram moon sighting.

Ashura date in Australia, Singapore, United Kingdom, Canada, USA, Morocco, Iran and falls on August 08, 2022. History and significance of Ashura fasting: The Islamic New Year, also known as Al Hijri or Arabic New Year, is marked on the first day of Muharram as it was in this holy month that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) migrated from Mecca to Medina.

  • However, Ashura has been celebrated even in pre-Islamic times as it was on the 10th of Muharram that Allah saved Moses (Prophet Musa) and the Children of Bani Israel from Pharaoh (Firaun) and his army.
  • As a sign of gratitude to Allah, Prophet Musa AS fasted on Ashura day that is the 10th of Muharram.

Later in 622 CE, when Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) migrated from Mecca to Medina in the month of Muharram, he learnt from the Jews that they fasted on Ashura day following the ways of Prophet Musa AS. Wanting his followers to show the same gratitude to Allah, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) decided to observe a two-day fast, one on the day of Ashura and the day prior that is the 9th and 10th days of Muharram.

  • These are the traditional customs of Sunni Muslims.
  • Observing a fast on this day is considered a ‘ sunnah ‘ since Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) too observed a fast or kept a roza on this day.
  • However, Ashura – the 10th day of the month – is also mourned by Muslims in the remembrance of the martyrdom of Prophet Muhammad’s grandson, Hussain Ibn Ali, in Karbala.

The Muslim community remembers the massacre on Ashura when Imam Hussain was said to be beheaded in the battle of Karbala. To mark public mourning and remembering the pain given to their great leader and his family, members of Shia community don black clothes, observe abstinence, fast and take out processions on the 10th day of the month of Muharram.

Why do Sunnis celebrate 10th Muharram?

10 Muharram: Referred to as the Day of Ashurah (lit. ‘the Tenth’), the day on which Husayn ibn Ali was martyred in the Battle of Karbala. Shia Muslims spend the day in mourning, while Sunni Muslims fast on this day, commemorating the rescue of the Israelites by Musa (Moses) from Pharaoh.

Do Shia Muslims fast?

May 6 – June 5, 2019 – Ramadan – Ramadan is a holiday celebrated by Muslims all around the world. This year it begins at sundown on Sunday, May 5 and will end at sundown on Tuesday, June 4. The dates of Ramadan change year to year, as the Muslim calendar is based on a lunar calendar.

Ramadan is the most sacred month of the year for Muslims. Muslims believe that during this month, Allah revealed the first verses of the Quran (the sacred text of Islam), to Mohammed. That night, is known as “The Night of Power” or Laylat al-Qadr, Laylat al-Qadr is celebrated on the 27th day of Ramadan, and is considered the holiest day of the year for Muslims.

We will cover this celebration in another post as the date gets closer. Ramadan is meant to be a time of spiritual discipline, increased prayers, charity, generosity, and time spent with family. At the end of Ramadan, there is a three-day celebration called Eid al Fitr, which means the Festival of the Breaking of the Fast.

  1. Families come together for this big meal, and they exchange presents.
  2. We will cover Eid-al Fitr in another post as the date gets closer.
  3. During Ramadan, Muslims fast from dawn until sunset.
  4. All Muslims are required to do this every year.
  5. However, there are special allowances given for young children and those who are pregnant, nursing, menstruating, ill, traveling, or elderly.
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Fasting is a part of sawm (one of the five tenants of Islam). However, many Muslims interpret sawm, which means “to refrain,” as the obligation not only to fast between dawn and dusk, but also to not participate in any immoral behavior, including swearing, gossiping, complaining, or thinking negative thoughts.

Fasting is supposed to serve a couple of purposes. It reminds Muslims of human frailty and their dependence on God for sustenance. It should also to remind Muslims of what it is like to be hungry and thirsty so they feel compassion for the poor and needy. Lastly, it’s supposed to help Muslims focus more clearly on their relationship with God, by reducing distractions.

When it’s time to break the day’s fast, Muslims eat what’s called an iftar, which literally means “breakfast.” The iftar is a snack that usually consists of dates, apricots, or sweetened milk. Afterwards, Muslims recite a special prayer that is said only during Ramadan.

After the prayer, there is a larger meal that everyone shares with friends and family. The reason Muslims consume a light snack first is because Muslim prayers tend to involve a lot of physical movement; going down to the floor and back up again. Doing this movement on a full stomach, after not eating for many hours, can cause lots of discomfort.

This is why they eat the large meal later, and only consume a light snack to break their fast before the evening prayer. There are some differences on how Sunni and Shia Muslims celebrate Ramadan. Sunni Muslims break their fast at sunset, which is when the sun is no longer visible, but there is still light in the sky.

Shia Muslims wait until all light has disappeared from the sky before they break their fast. In addition, Shia Muslims also celebrate the martyrdom of Ali ibn Abi Talib, who was the cousin and son-in-law of the Prophet Mohammed. He was also the revered fourth caliph of Sunni Islam and the first “legitimate” imam (leader) of Shia Islam.

He was assassinated in a civil war that occurred after Mohammed’s death. The war was about who should lead the Muslim community, now that Mohammed was dead. On the 19th day of Ramadan, while Ali was worshipping at a mosque, an assassin from the opposing group struck him with a poisoned sword.

He died two days later. Therefore, Shia Muslims honor Ali on the 19th, 20th and 21st days of Ramadan. Learn more about Ramadan with the items below: Lailah’s Lunchbox It’s Ramadan, Curious George The First Muslim If there’s a particular celebration you or someone you know participates in that we missed, let us know by leaving a comment on this post.

Or, if you think we got something wrong, please also comment and let us know. We try to be as accurate as possible, but if there’s a mistake, we want to correct it.

Can Sunnis go to Karbala?

In normal times, millions of people, including tens of thousands of Afghans, would be gathering in Karbala in Iraq today for the Arba’in pilgrimage. It marks the 40 th day of mourning after the martyrdom of the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, Imam Hussain and his 72 companions in Karbala more than 1300 years ago.

  1. This year, however, Baghdad has closed its border to pilgrims arriving by land – the normal route for Afghans – because of the Covid-19 pandemic.
  2. It is only accepting a small number of pilgrims, who have to arrive by air.
  3. AAN researcher, Rohullah Sorush made the pilgrimage to Karbala last year and here describes the trip he made and explores the religious and cultural significance of Karbala.

He also reports how Afghans unable to travel to Karbala this year feel about missing the 2020 pilgrimage. Muharram 2023 Date In India Pilgrims walking by the shrine of Abul Fazl Abbas in Karbala, Iraq. Photo: Rohullah Sorush The significance of Karbala Karbala is a city in central Iraq located about 100 km southwest of Baghdad, just to the west of the Euphrates river. It is one of the holiest places for Shia Muslims and a central element in their identity,

  1. Pilgrims visit not only the shrine of Imam Hussain, but also those of his half-brother, Abul Fazl Abbas and his sons Ali Akbar, Ali Asghar and his companions.
  2. All were killed in the battle of Karbala, which took place on 10 Muharram in the year 680 (61 AH in the Islamic calendar).
  3. The conflict was over who should rule the fledgling Muslim empire.

Yazid, son of the late caliph Muawiya, had been designated by his father as his successor. His legitimacy was challenged by Imam Hussain. The battle between their forces proved to be a pivotal moment in the schism between Sunni and Shia Muslims. For Shia Muslims, the pilgrimage to Karbala is second in importance only to performing the Hajj to Mecca.

  • It is not a farz (religious duty), however, but a mustahab (recommended or virtuous action), which demonstrates their high level of religious devotion.
  • The Arba’in pilgrimage is the biggest annual pilgrimage in the world, bigger even that the Hajj – last year around 18 million pilgrims visited Karbala, compared to about three million people making the pilgrimage to Mecca.

Pilgrimage only for the few in 2020 This year, in the face of fears over the Covid-19 pandemic, the Iraqi government has issued somewhat contradictory information about restrictions on foreign pilgrims. Earlier, the commemorations for Ashura, which this year fell at the end of August and which mark the actual martyrdoms in Karbala were far smaller than usual, with thousands rather than millions gathering in Karbala,

  1. In July, the Grand Ayatullah Sayyid Ali al-Husaini al-Sistani had encouraged believers to carry out their Muharram devotions throughout, rather than travelling to Karbala.
  2. Ahead of Arba’in, on 1 September, Iran’s Foreign Ministry reported that Baghdad would not be allowing foreign pilgrims to enter its country.

Later that month, Baghdad itself confirmed that no foreign pilgrims would be able to enter Iraq for the pilgrimage. More recently though, it was reported that it had given permission for 1,500 pilgrims from each country (not defined) to fly to Iraq, with 2,500 also allowed to travel overland from Iran.

  1. Tens of thousands of people are now reported to be gathering in Karbala, with only limited precautions against the spread of infection visible.
  2. At the time of writing it was not clear how the coveted 1,500 places for Afghan pilgrims had been allocated, but the fact that the Iraqi government seemed to specify flights rather than land travel would anyway have ruled out most would-be Afghan pilgrims who can not afford to fly.

Issuing places for pilgrims is normally the responsibility of the Afghan Ministry of Hajj and Awqaf, but the ministry appears not to have been involved this year. Instead, religious travel agencies have been able to get a limited number visas for clients – although it has been complicated and expensive.

  • On 7 October, Abdullah Qurbanzada, head of Khatam-al Nabieen Travel Agency said: Afghans can’t go to Iran, but have to go to Islamabad to get Iraqi visas.
  • My travel agency could arrange visas for just 20 Afghan pilgrims, but the costs of travel are huge.
  • For example, a one-way flight from Islamabad to Najaf costs 100,000 afghanis (around 1,305 dollars).

When it became clear in early September that the Arba’in pilgrimage would be cancelled, religious tourism companies stopped registering Afghan pilgrims. (2) Haji Wali, head of Shirzad Amiri travel agency, told AAN that despite announcements from Iranian and Iraqi governments, he still has lots of people coming to his company and others to try to register for a trip to Karbala: A lot of people are still coming to my office and asking to register for a Karbala trip.

  • I just write their names in the registration book, but don’t take any money.
  • I tell them that it’s not clear yet if the trip is going to happen this year.
  • I also get their phone numbers and say I’ll call them if there is an Arba’in pilgrimage walk, I’ll take money for the travel then.
  • Amir Muhammadi, head of Ensaf Sair travel agency, told AAN something similar: Many people come to my office.

In fact, the number is higher than previous years, but I just take their names and phone numbers. This is what the Union for Religious Tourism Companies has asked us to do. Then if the trip is allowed to happen, I can ask them to pay the cost. The almost complete cancellation of the Araba’in pilgrimage is having a financial impact on religious tourism companies.

The pilgrimage is central to their business and many have paid for months of office rent while waiting for news about whether there would be permission to travel. According to Amir Muhammadi, head of Ensaf Sair travel agency, many of these companies have been forced to close their offices. For those Afghan who had been hoping to go to Karbala this year, the restrictions have been a great disappointment.

Ghulam Ali Zohorian, who has been to Karbala twice before, told AAN: I am very keen to go to Karbala again. Those who have not gone yet can’t really understand me, but those who have experienced it understand me better. You go once and you want to go again and again.

That is why I have been watching the news on Iranian and Iraqi TV channels every day to see if pilgrims would be allowed to travel to Karbala this year. There are a great many Afghans who have not yet had the chance to go to Karbala and are very keen to go. Najiba Sarwari, a housewife in Kabul, had planned to visit Karbala for the first time this year: I had saved money because I had made my mind up to go to Karbala and other holy places in Iran and Iraq, but unfortunately, there’s no good news as no one can go this year due to Covid-19.

I am very unhappy, but I hope the virus disaster is over soon, so that people can go to Karbala next year. Fatima Razawi, an Afghan living in Iran, told AAN: I wanted to go and participate in the Arba’in pilgrimage walk last year, but couldn’t. I had planned to go this year, but Covid-19 has prevented it.

I’m watching last year’s Arba’in videos on TV and I just cry and cry over not being able to go. How Afghans travel to Karbala Muslims travel from all over the world to get to Karbala. For most, making the pilgrimage is costly and time-consuming, involving long journeys by air, road and even foot. In normal years, Afghans can fly to Najaf in Iraq, the nearest airport to Karbala, via Mashhad in Iran or Dubai.

Or they can travel by land through Iran and on to Iraq. Travelling by land is less costly and therefore the chosen route for most Afghans. There are also shrines in Iran to visit along the way. During Muharram and Arba’in, Afghan pilgrims are granted visas to travel through Iran much more easily than at other times.

There is no Iraqi consulate in Afghanistan, so Afghans obtain Iraqi visas through specialist tourist companies – there are about 200 of them in Afghanistan –who take pilgrims to Iraq in caravans, taking care of their travel, food and accommodation. The companies can also get the Iranian visas, as well as plane tickets, if needed.

It is also possible to travel independently once a pilgrim has the visas. There are many mosques along the route where independent pilgrims can stay, with pilgrims often finding generous offers of food from Iranian and Iraqis along their journey. For Afghans living in Iran, it is easier to travel to Karbala during Muharram and Arba’in, when they do not need a visa.

  1. They can use their residence permits to acquire temporary travel documents from the Bureau of Foreign Nationals in Iran.
  2. After returning from Iraq, they must return the travel documents in order to receive their residence permits back.
  3. Information based on interviews with Afghans in Iran and this media report ).

Pilgrims from other countries such as Iran, Syria and India can travel to Karbala and other holy cities in Iraq whenever they wish, not just during Muharram and Arba’in. An Indian pilgrim told the author that: “There are roughly 2,000 Indians visiting the shrines in Iraq every month.” Afghans, however, do not have this privilege.

  1. The majority of Afghan pilgrims come from remote provinces like Daikundi, Bamyan and Ghor, with some also going from Kabul and Herat.
  2. The author met people with the provinces above.
  3. Many of these people are very poor, but they are prepared to make significant financial sacrifices for the pilgrimage.
  4. As one man told the author during his pilgrimage in 2019: “There are people among us who sold their sheep and cows to obtain the money for their trip to Karbala.” It is also relatively common for newly-married couples to try to visit Karbala during and after Arba’in.

There was a newly-married couple in the same caravan as the author in 2019, who said they had kept their wedding ceremony very small, inviting only close relatives, so that they could save money for their trip to Karbala. The land journey is slow both because of the distance and the bureaucracy that pilgrims have to overcome.

  1. Most Afghans who travel by land go via Herat and cross the border at Islam Qala into Iran.
  2. With so many travellers during Arba’in, the staff at the Islam Qala border crossing struggle to cope.
  3. As a result, it takes hours to cross the border, causing complaints from the pilgrims, particularly older travellers who find it difficult to stand in line for hours.

On the Iranian side, the border terminal at Dogharun is more efficient. There are more immigration staff, who quickly stamp the pilgrims’ passports with entry stamps. In 2019, as the author and his group were waiting for the bus to take them onwards, a young man came and offered some apples saying, “Please take an apple, they are from Imam Reza’s garden.” This is typical of the warm welcome received by pilgrims once they enter Iran, with tents where they can rest and get drinks and meals for free.

  1. There are medical staff available to treat pilgrims in case they get sick.
  2. Young men also offer to polish pilgrims’ shoes if needed.
  3. Such generosity surprises first-time pilgrims, as Afghans more usually associate generosity during the pilgrimage with Iraqis.
  4. They are famous for their moukebs (stalls) and tents where they welcome and feed pilgrims.

Some even invite pilgrims into their homes to rest, eat, wash their clothes and even take a bath. The communal spirit of both Iraqis and Iranians at this time is exemplified in the hashtag #hobulhussain-yajmaona, which means “It’s the love of Hussain that gathers us together” and is often used during Muharram, particularly around Ashura and Arba’in.

  1. From the border town of Dogharun, pilgrims travel next to Mashhad, the second-most-populous city in Iran.
  2. In 2019, the author spent three days there, including visiting the shrine of Imam Reza, the eighth Shia Imam, where pilgrims pray and read the ziaratnama, a special prayer recited during the pilgrimage.

There were clergymen around to help those who are visiting the shrine for the first time or who are unable to read the prayer. The next destination depends on how pilgrims travel. Pilgrims may fly directly to Najaf, 75 kilometres from Karbala, site of Shia learning and seminaries, and itself a place of pilgrimage as it is the burial site of Imam Ali.

  1. Married to Fatima, daughter of the Prophet Muhammad and Bibi Khadija, Imam Ali is revered as the first legitimate caliph for Shia Muslims and the fourth for Sunnis.
  2. Those travelling to Iraq by land will visit Najaf later on.
  3. First, while still in Iran, they go to Qom, also site of Shia scholarship and seminaries and home to another important shrine, to Fatima Masuma, sister of Imam Reza, and also venerated by Shia Muslims.

In March 2020, both Imam Reza and Fatima Masumeh’s shrines were closed due to Covid-19. They were both stormed by angry crowds who objected to the closure. The shrines are still closed, preventing those who might want to go for daily worship, as well as any pilgrims wanting to visit during Arba’in.

  • Also in Qom is the Jamkaran Mosque, a grand building on the outskirts of the city, which is believed to have been funded by Imam Mahdi, the twelfth Shia Imam.
  • It is always very crowded, but especially around the 15 of Shaban (the eighth month of Muslim calendar), the birthday of Imam Mahdi, which fell in April this year.

From Qom, pilgrims travel to Iraq through the Mehran or Shalamche border crossings and on to Karbala. In 2019, the author arrived on a Thursday night, considered a holy time for prayers, and he and his group joined other pilgrims on a visit to the shrines of Imam Hussain and his brother Abdul Fazl Abbas.

  • The pilgrimage experience in Iraq The first thing pilgrims see when they arrive at the Karbala site are the golden domes of the shrines to the two brothers, each with two golden minarets.
  • There have been shrines here for centuries, built and rebuilt, and now on a grand scale.
  • The current dome of the Imam Hussain shrine dates from 2019 and is 30 metres high.

The courtyard is 1,500 square metres and has ten named gates, allowing entry by pilgrims from all sides. The shrine of Abdul Fazl Abbas, known as the qamar-e bani Hashim (moon of the Hashimite clan), also has ten named gates. Muharram 2023 Date In India Pilgrims reading the ziaratnama prayer in the shrine of Imam Ali ibn Abi Taleb, in Najaf, Iraq. Photo: Rohullah Sorush For most of the year, red flags are flown from the domes. The colour of blood, they signify the martyrdom of Imam Hussain and his followers.

  • During Muharram, the flags are changed to black to mark the period of mourning.
  • The lights inside and outside the shrines are also changed from green to red.
  • The walls of the Imam Hussain shrine are covered in ornate decoration.
  • The outside is decorated with tiles with verses of Quran written in Kufic calligraphy on the corners.
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The inside is decorated with mirror-glass tiles. Around the courtyard are small rooms for religious students and the servants of the shrine, with many porches along the walls. Passing through the courtyard, pilgrims are led inside the building which houses the zarih, the ornate encasement of Imam Hussain’s tomb, which also contains the graves of his sons, Ali Akbar and Ali Asghar.

Another zarih also encases the shrine of Abul Fazl Abbas. Pilgrims touch the zarih in both shrines and kiss them. When pilgrims first enter the shrine, they read the ziaratnama, The author saw some pilgrims in tears as they read it. Other pilgrims were performing their normal daily prayers, while some were mourning and beating their chests.

What really drew attention on the visit of the author was the mourning style of two Pakistanis sitting together in the courtyard of the shrine. One was singing a nawha, a mourning song while the other was beating his chest. The author saw that many pilgrims gathered around the Pakistani pilgrims and listened to their mourning.

  1. Many pilgrims chose to make a ritual walk.
  2. Usually this is from Najaf to Karbala, with pilgrims arriving into Karbala in time for the day of Arba’in itself.
  3. The walk usually takes two days, but sometimes longer.
  4. Some pilgrims may begin the walk from the border in Iran, which takes more than a week or from Basra in southern Iraq.

However, they arrive, once in Iraq, pilgrims usually try to visit as many of the other holy sites in there as they can while they are there, in Karbala, Najaf and in Kazimayn city near Baghdad, and Samarra. (1) In all, they can be on pilgrimage in Iran and Iraq for three weeks.

Conclusion One of the striking things for the author about his pilgrimage to Karbala was the diversity of the pilgrims. There were people from Iran, Pakistan, India, Azerbaijan, Syria, Lebanon, Kazakhstan, Bangladesh, Russia and other European countries. Everywhere, pilgrims were welcomed by Iraqis and offered drinks and food.

The generosity towards the pilgrims is particularly significant for Afghans who live on low incomes, since it enables even those with very little money to attempt the pilgrimage. There are mosques and moukebs where pilgrims can stay, with food often provided by local Iranians and Iraqis.

Some Iraqis invite pilgrims to their homes to have food, rest and take a bath. In addition, there are Afghans living in both countries who also set up moukebs which many Afghan pilgrims make use of. Although most pilgrims to Karbala are Shia, there are also some Sunni Muslim visitors. The author saw Sunni Muslims in both Karbala and Najaf.

They can be distinguished from Shia Muslims by the way in which they perform their prayers. Some were praying inside the shrines of Imam Hussain and Abul Fazl Abbas. Although they were putting a mohr/turbah (soil or clay) in front of them to perform the sajdah (prostration) in the same way as Shia Muslims do, they were putting their right hands over their left arms below their chest in the way Shias do not, but some Sunnis do.

The grave of Habib ibn Mazahir Asadi, Muslim ibn Awsaja, Hur ibn Yazid Reyahi (all of them companions of Imam Hussain;’;The mosques of Imam Sadiq’s (sixth imam), Imam Mahdi’s (twelfth imam) and Zain ul-Abuddin (fourth imam); The graves of Muslim ibn Aqil (Imam Hussain’s cousin and envoy), Mukhtar Saqafi (who took revenge and killed the people who were involved in killing Imam Hussain) and Hani ibn Orwa (a companion of Imam Hussain), all of which are at the grand mosque in Kufa;The graves of Muslim ibn Aqil’s children, Muhammad and Ibrahim, which are close to the main Karbala to Baghdad road;The shrines of Imam Musa al- Kazim (seventh imam), Imam Muhammad Taqi al-Jawad (ninth imam), both of which are in Kazimayn city near Baghdad; The shrines of Imam Ali al-Naqi Hadi (tenth imam), Imam Hassan al-Askari (eleventh imam) and the grave of Bibi Nargis Khaton (Imam Mahdi’s aunt), which are in Samarra.

(2) An Iranian TV channel, broadcasting footage of Iraqis walking to Karbala on 6 October, showed flags from 70 countries on which Iraqis had written, “We perform pilgrimage on behalf the people from these countries that could not come to Iraq this year because of the coronavirus pandemic.”

Why do Shias cry in Muharram?

History – According to Shia sources, the mourning of Muharram was started by the family, especially women, of Muhammad (the Ahl-ul-Bayt ) immediately after the death of his grandson and even before entering Damascus, Following the Battle of Karbala, Muhammad’s granddaughter Zaynab bint Ali and sister of Imam Husayn, began mourning for the fallen and making speeches against Imam Husayn ibn Ali’s opponents: Ibn Ziyad, Yazid I, Umar Ibne Saad, Shimr ibn Dhil-jawshan and Hurmala,

News of Imam Husayn ibn Ali’s martyrdom was spread by Imam Zain-ul-Abideen, who succeeded Imam Husayn as the Shia Imam, via sermons and speeches throughout Iraq, Syria and Hejaz, According to the History of the Prophets and Kings, when Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin gave the sermon in presence of Yazid, he let them hold the mourning of Husain ibn Ali for three days in a formal manner.

In the Umayyad Caliphate, the mourning of Husain ibn Ali’s Killing was performed furtively in the homes of Shia Imam and their followers, but during the Abbasid Caliphate this mourning was observed in public mosques by the Abbasid rulers to draw people’s attention.

  1. During the Fatimid Caliphate, Imam Al-Mu’izz li-Din Allah (d.365/975), the 14th Ismaili imam, instructed Syedna Al-Qadi al-Nu’man to proclaim in his Friday sermon the significance of ʿAashura and elucidate the manner in which it should be commemorated.
  2. Al-Maqrizi (d.845/1442), a medieval Egyptian historian, notes that in the Fatimi empire the Day of ʿAashura was marked as a day of grief and markets were shut.

During Imam Al-Mustansir Billah ‘s (d.427/1094) era, the 18th Ismaili Imam, audiences were encouraged to explicitly express sorrow and tears on the occasion of ʿAashura as written in the majalis authored by Syedna Al-Mu’ayyad fi’l-Din al-Shirazi (470/1078).

The 20th Musta’li Isma’ili Imam, Al-Amir bi-Ahkam Allah (526/1132), presided over a congregation on the Day of ʿAashura seated on an un-cushioned chair made of palm branches. The Imam wore a veil that day, and the reporter, Ibn al-Ma’mun, writes that sorrow and grief were clearly visible in his countenance.

Ibn al-Tuwayr records that on the Day of ʿAashura, the royal carpets in the palace would be replaced with straw mats. 10th of the month of Muharram in the Ottoman Empire As Chelkowski said, in fourth century in Baghdad, contemporaneous with the reigns of Sulton Muizz ad-Dawla of the Shia Buyid dynasty, the first public mourning ritual happened, and the market was closed by order of him on day of Ashura,

  1. The mourning rituals evolved differently in different places, until the Safavid dynasty established a centralized Shia state in the 16th century: : 118  The annual mourning ceremonies and ritual cursing of Husayn’s enemies acquired the status of a national institution.
  2. According to popular belief, Shia rituals spread to South Asia starting at the end of the 14th Century with the conquests of Tamerlane,

: 120  Observance has since spread to countries such as India, Pakistan, Iraq, Iran, Turkey, Afghanistan, Syria, Nigeria, Tanzania, Saudi Arabia, Bangladesh, Yemen, Bahrain, Azerbaijan and Lebanon,

Can a Sunni marry a Shia?

Pakistan: The consequences of a Shia-Sunni inter-religious marriage, including the treatment of the couple and their children (October 2003 – May 2005) A professor at the Institute of Islamic Studies at McGill University who specializes in modern Islamic developments in India and Pakistan, including women’s issues, stated in a 7 October 2003 telephone interview that intermarriages between Sunnis and Shias are less problematic in Pakistan than marriages between Muslims and Christians.

Sunni and Shi’ite Muslims share the same faith and abide by the same five pillars of Islam (Professor 7 Oct.2003). There are no rules forcing a woman to adopt her husband’s particular branch of Islam (ibid.). In practice, the marriage agreement between both spouses will determine whether the woman joins her husband’s religious community and whether the children will grow up in that community (ibid.).

In general, the children born into Sunni-Shia intermarriages are normally raised within the father’s sect; however, there are cases where the children are brought up in the mother’s sect (ibid.). In 20 October 2003 correspondence, the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Toronto-based Al-Eman Society of Canada (AESC), a registered charitable religious organization, who is also an authorized imam in the Shia faith, stated that, according to Islam, a newly wed Sunni woman does not have to convert to the Shia faith of her husband, and that is true for Pakistan.

It is up to the wife to make the decision (Al-Eman Society of Canada 20 Oct.2003). The Chairman also stated that “if there is pressure applied for the woman to convert, this is a different matter and has nothing to do with jurisprudence of either the Shi’a or Sunni ” (ibid.). With respect to the religious upbringing of the children, the Chairman stated that it is a matter to be resolved by the mutual understanding of the parents (ibid.).

In 24 May 2005 correspondence to the Research Directorate, the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) stated that here is no legal discrimination against inter-religious couples or their children. As far as the social situation is concerned, it depends on the beliefs of their extended family or the circle they move in.

  1. The society in general does not discriminate against them.
  2. Corroborating information could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.
  3. Reports of women being forced to convert religions, either to the Shia or to the Sunni faith, upon marrying a spouse of the opposite faith could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim for refugee protection.

  • Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.
  • References Al-Eman Society of Canada (AESC), Toronto.20 October 2003.
  • Correspondence from Chairman, Board of Directors.
  • Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, Lahore.24 May 2005.
  • Correspondence.
  • Professor of Indo-Islamic history, and Urdu language and culture in India and Pakistan, Institute of Islamic Studies, McGill University, Montréal.6 October 2003.

Telephone interview. Additional Sources Consulted Internet sites, including: Amnesty International (AI), BBC, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2004, Dawn, European Country of Origin Information Network (ECOI), Freedom in the World 2004, Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP), Human Rights Watch (HRW), Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN), International Religious Freedom Report 2004, Shia News, World News Connection (WNC).

Is it haram to fast on Ashura?

There are deep and intense divisions among jurisprudents about fasting on the day of ‘Ashura. Some jurisprudents believe that it is highly recommended to fast on the day of ‘Ashura. Others say it is prohibited to fast on the day of ‘Ashura and some believe that fasting on the day of ‘Ashura is disapproved but not absolutely prohibited.

Is it haram to not fast on Ashura?

Muharram Fasting – Unlike Ramadan, fasting on Ashura is not compulsory for any Muslim. “The Messenger of Allah (saw) said: ‘The best of fasting after Ramadan is fasting Allah’s month of Muharram.'” (Muslim) The Prophet (saw) encourages us to take up a fast during Muharram, on the 9 th and 10 th (or 10 th and 11 th ) days of the month.

Is it OK to only fast Ashura?

Summary of answer – It is permissible to fast the day of ‘Ashura on its own, but it is better to fast the day before it or the day after it. Praise be to Allah. Shaykh al-Islam said: Fasting the day of ‘Ashura is expiation for one year, and it is not makrooh to single out this day for fasting.

  • Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, part 5.
  • In Tuhfat al-Muhtaaj by Ibn Hajar al-Haythami it says: There is nothing wrong with fasting ‘Ashura on its own.
  • Part 3, Baab Sawm al-Tatawwu’.
  • The Standing Committee was asked this question and replied as follows: It is permissible to fast the day of ‘Ashura on its own, but it is better to fast the day before it or the day after it.

This is the Sunnah that is proven from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), as he said, “If I am still alive next year, I will certainly fast the ninth.” Narrated by Muslim, 1134. Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: He meant, along with the tenth.

Is Muharram happy or sad?

How the day is observed – During the tenth day of the month, which is also known as Day of Ashura, Muslims mourn, and practice fasting. The Shia Muslims mourn martyrdom and his family at the same time honoring martyrs by prayer and abstinence from fun.

  1. It is also believed that fasting during this festival atones the sins of the coming year.
  2. However, some people would break the fasting after Zawal to pay their respect.
  3. Shia’s kick off with the mourning from the first night of Muharram and the grief goes on for ten nights.
  4. In memory of Hussein and his family, who were deprived of water from the seventh to the tenth day.

It is also in memory of Hussein and his 72 followers who were killed by an army of an unjust terrorist ruler known as Yazid. On this day, not all Muslims groups observe the same traditions. Some Muslims consider Muharram as the month of mourning or celebrating the battle of Karbala.

Imam Hussain Ali, the grandson of Prophet Muhammad, was believed to have been killed on this day. This is one reason why the entire Shia Association whips themselves with sharp objects on their both heads and backs, considering Muharram as a sad occasion. However, the Sunni community only celebrates the event by fasting.

They don’t take part in the rituals but observe the day honoring the prophet Moses. Locally known as Mappilas, these Muslims constitute 25% of Kerala’s populations. The Kerala Mappilas reside in the regions of Calicut and Malappuram district, and they mainly celebrate the event in memory of the tragic death of Imam Hussein Ali. Muharram 2023 Date In India In Hyderabad, 90% of the population celebrates Muharram to pay their respect. During Muharram, the Shia communities prepare a procession that begins from Dabeerpura Flyover, going all the way to Alawa-e-Sartouq Mubarak (Darushafa). The parade is accompanied by the arranging of short Majilis followed by the removal of Majilis black flags replacing them with red flags.

  1. It is also customary to read the Ziarat Ashura, which are the book containing salutations to the martyrs of Karbala on this day.
  2. The prayer salutation is dedicated to the shrine of Hussain ibn Ali and the battle of Karbala.
  3. In India, Muharram is considered a holiday (a day off for most workers in India).

This means that government offices, banks, and post offices are closed, with other businesses operating on reduced hours. On this day, large meetings and parades fill the streets, so it would be a bad idea traveling as the event runs.

Can I fast 10th and 11th Muharram?

Virtues of Ashura Here are some recommended actions or Sunnah for Ashura. Fast: Keep a fast on the 9 th and 10 th Muharram (the day of Ashura), or on the 10 th and 11 th Muharram. Fasting expiates sins.

Do I have to fast 2 days for Ashura?

Fasting the Day of ‘Ashura’ ‘Ashura’ commemorates the day that Allah saved the Children of Israel from Pharaoh. Fasting on Muharram 10, known as the Day of ‘Ashura’, expiates for the sins of the past year. When the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) arrived in Madinah in 622 CE, he found that the Jews there fasted on Muharram 10 and asked them the reason for their fasting on this day.

They said,” This is a blessed day. On this day Allah saved the Children of Israel from their enemy (in Egypt) and so Prophet Musa fasted on this day giving thanks to Allah.” The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “We are closer to Musa than you are.” He fasted on that day and commanded Muslims to fast on this day.

(Al-Bukhari) The following year, Allah commanded the Muslims to fast the month of Ramadan, and the fasting of ‘Ashura’ became optional. It is also reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) intended to fast on the ninth and tenth. Ibn ‘Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah fasted on the day of ‘Ashura’ and ordered the people to fast on it.

The people said, “O Messenger of Allah, it is a day that the Jews and Christians honor.” The Prophet said, “When the following year comes, Allah willing, we shall fast on the ninth.” The death of the Prophet came before the following year. (Muslim and Abu Dawud) For more on ‘Ashura’ and Muharram, please read: The Significance of Fasting the Day of ‘Ashura’ Virtues of the Month of Muharram & Fasting during It Thus, according to scholars, you may choose to fast ‘Ashura’ on three days (ninth, tenth, and eleventh); two days (ninth and tenth); or one day only (the tenth).

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Fasting the day of ‘Ashura’ (is of great merits), I hope that Allah will accept it as an expiation for (the sins committed in) the previous year.” (Muslim) But this expiation of minor sins comes only if you avoid major sins.

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It is a big mistake to rely on fasting a single day to “wipe your slate clean.” If you neglect your daily Prayers or the fast of Ramadan, or if you backbite, lie, commit adultery or other major sins, fasting on ‘Ashura’ alone will not atone for your sins. The great scholar Ibn Al-Qayyim Al-Jawziyya (b.691 AH/1292 CE) wrote: This misguided person does not know that fasting in Ramadan and praying five times a day are much more important than fasting on the Day of Arafah and the Day of ‘Ashura’, and that they expiate for the sins between one Ramadan and the next, or between one Friday and the next, so long as one avoids major sins.

But they cannot expiate for minor sins unless one also avoids major sins; when the two things are put together, they have the strength to expiate for minor sins. Among those deceived people may be one who thinks that his good deeds are more than his sins, because he does not pay attention to his bad deeds or check on his sins, but if he does a good deed he remembers it and relies on it.

This is like the one who seeks Allah’s forgiveness with his tongue (that is, by words only), and glorifies Allah by saying “subhan Allah” one hundred times a day, then he backbites about the Muslims and slanders their honor, and speaks all day long about things that are not pleasing to Allah. This person is always thinking about the virtues of his saying “subhan Allah” and saying “la ilaha illa Allah” but he pays no attention to what has been reported concerning those who backbite, tell lies, and slander others, or commit other sins of the tongue.

They are completely deceived. (Al-Mawsu’ah Al-Fiqhiyyah, part 31, Ghuroor) You may hear of some customs associated with ‘Ashura’ such as cooking and eating certain foods on that day, wearing kohl or henna, or even merrymaking. Others consider this a day of mourning and wailing in honor of the Prophet’s grandson Al-Husayn, who was killed in battle on that day.

The scholar Ibn Taymiyah (b.661 AH/1263 CE) stated that all of these are bid’ahs (reprehensible innovations) that should be avoided. Take advantage of this opportunity to bring yourself closer to Allah on ‘Ashura’ by fasting and praying for forgiveness. AElfwine Mischler is a writer who frequently writes on historical Islamic topics.

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Can I fast on 10 Muharram?

Ashura, a day of great significance for Muslims, is being observed on Friday, July 28, 2023, in India. Here is all you need to know about it: What is Ashura? Ashura is a religious observance marked every year by Muslims on the 10th day of Muharram, the first month of the Islamic calendar.

  • The word ashura literally means “10th” in Arabic.
  • Ashura is an ancient day of remembrance for all Muslims, but it is now recognized for different reasons and in different ways by Sunni and Shia Muslims,
  • For Sunni Muslims, Ashura commemorates the day that God delivered the Israelites, led by the Prophet Musa (Moses), from the tyranny of Egypt’s Pharaoh by parting the Red Sea, thus allowing them to cross safely.

The day is observed with fasting and special prayers in mosques, signifying its sacred nature. Some Sunni Muslims also revere Imam Hussein and take a negative view of Yazid I, who is often criticized for his impiety. For Shia Muslims, the significance of the day also stems from it being the anniversary of the death of Imam Hussein, who is venerated as an Imam, or the rightful leader of the Muslim community.

  1. Imam Hussein was killed along with his followers during the Battle of Karbala in 680 CE, after confronting the Umayyad forces loyal to the caliph, Yazid I.
  2. The Battle of Karbala became a significant factor in the later split between Shia and Sunni Muslims.
  3. For Shia Muslims, Ashura is a day of mourning, commemorating the martyrdom of Imam Hussein and his family.

Shia communities engage in vibrant rites on this occasion, staging colorful plays that re-enact the events of the battle. Devotees passionately take on the roles of Imam Hussein and his followers, who are seen as symbols of resistance and justice. How is Ashura observed? The way that Ashura is observed varies from community to community.

  • However, there are some common practices that are observed by Muslims around the world.
  • Fasting: Sunni Muslims fast on the 10th of Muharram.
  • Shia Muslims may fast on the 9th and 10th of Muharram, or on the 10th and 11th of Muharram.
  • Lamentation: Shia Muslims recite lamentations on the day of Ashura.
  • These lamentations are poems and songs that recount the events of the Battle of Karbala.

Self-flagellation: Some Shia Muslims engage in self-flagellation on the day of Ashura. This is a practice that is discouraged by most scholars, but it is still practiced by some. Charity: Muslims are encouraged to give charity on the day of Ashura. This is seen as a way of expiating sins and of showing solidarity with those who are less fortunate.

  1. What is the purpose of Ashura? The purpose of Ashura is to remember the important events in Islamic history and to reflect on the lessons that they teach us.
  2. Ashura is a day to celebrate the victories of Allah (SWT) and to mourn the losses of the Muslim community.
  3. It is also a day to reflect on the importance of justice, compassion, and self-sacrifice.

Why is Ashura important? Ashura is important for Muslims because it reminds them of God’s mercy and power. It also teaches them about fasting as a form of worship and gratitude to God. For Shia Muslims, Ashura is especially important because it honors the sacrifice and courage of Imam Hussein and his companions, who stood up for their principles and faith against tyranny and injustice.

Can we fast on 9 and 10 Muharram?

Fasting the 9th & 10th of Muharram: Virtues & Rules – Home First of all, it is very important to make it clear that fasting on the day of `Ashura’ – the 10th of Muharram- is of great merits in Islam. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Fasting the day of `‘ (is of great merits), I hope that Allah will accept it as an expiation for (the sins committed in) the previous year” (Muslim).

  1. Also, fasting the 9th of Muharram is highly recommended by the,
  2. Imam At-Tirmidhi reported that (may Allah be pleased with them both) used to say: We should fast on two days: the 9th and 10th of Muharram to distinguish ourselves from the Jewish community.
  3. At-Tirmidhi) Explaining the virtue of fasting on the 9th and the 10th of Muharram, Dr.

Muzammil H. Siddiqi, former President of the Islamic Society of North America, states: It is the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) to fast on the 9th and 10th of Muharram. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to fast on the day of `Ashura’.

When he came to Madinah, he found out that the Jews of Madinah were also fasting on this day remembering Prophet Musa (peace and blessings be upon him). The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) admired this tradition and said to the Jews, “I am closer to Musa than you are.” He fasted and he also told his Companions to fast on this day.

(Sunan Abu Dawud) Later, before the end of his life, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) told Muslims to add the 9th day also. Thus, it is recommended to fast on both the 9th and 10th of Muharram. Moreover, in his well-known book, Fiqh As-Sunnah, the late Sheikh Sayyed Sabiq states: Abu Hurayrah reported: “I asked the Prophet: ‘Which Prayer is the best after the obligatory Prayers?’ He said: ‘Prayer during the mid of the night.’ I asked: ‘Which fasting is the best after that of ?’ He said, ‘The month of Allah that you call Muharram'” (Ahmad, Muslim, and Abu Dawud).

Mu`awiyyah bin Abi Sufyan reported that he heard the Messenger of Allah say: “Concerning the day of `Ashura’, it is not obligatory upon you to fast on it as I do. Whoever wishes may fast and whoever does not wish to is not obliged to do so” ( and Muslim). It is noteworthy that Muslim scholars have stated that fasting of `Ashura’ is of three levels as follows: 1.

fasting for three days, i.e., on the 9th, 10th, and 11th of Muharram, 2. fasting the 9th and 10th of Muharram, and 3. fasting only the 10th of Muharram. : Fasting the 9th & 10th of Muharram: Virtues & Rules – Home

What time is Ashura fasting?

History and significance of Ashura fasting – Ashura is the tenth day of the month of Muharram in the Islamic calendar which fall on 29th July this year. It is a day of religious significance for Muslims and is observed by fasting, mourning, and gathering for religious commemorations.

The most important event associated with Ashura is the martyrdom of Hussain Ibn Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad. He was killed in the Battle of Karbala in 680 AD, along with his family and followers. The battle was a major turning point in Islamic history, and Ashura is a day when Muslims remember the sacrifice of Hussain and his companions.

In addition to mourning the death of Hussain Ibn Ali, Ashura is also a day of fasting. Muslims who are able to fast on Ashura are rewarded for doing so. The fast is observed from sunrise to sunset. Muharram 2023 Date In India Ashura Ki Dua In Hindi/learn about islam Ashura is also a day of gathering for religious commemorations. In many Muslim countries, there are public processions and gatherings where Muslims come together to remember the battle of Karbala. These gatherings often include speeches, readings from the Quran, and prayers.

What is the 9 day of Muharram?

The Day Of Ashura Prayers 2023: Fasting, Dua And How To Pray Namaz E Ashurah At Home The Day of Ashura Prayers 2023: Ashura is a holy day for Muslims all over the world, observed on the 9th and 10th day of Muharram, according to the Islamic calendar. Muharram 2023 Date In India The Day Of Ashura Prayers 2023 | Freepik Friday, July 28, 2023 – The 9th of Muharram. Some Muslims may observe fast on this day. Saturday, July 29, 2023 – The 10th of Muharram, also known as Ashura. This is the main day of mourning for Shia Muslims. There will be special prayers and processions in mosques and other public places.

What is the 10th day of Muharram?

Date, History, And Significance Of Muharram – All You Need To Know Muharram 2023 Date In India The word Muharram stands for forbidden and sinful. New Delhi: Muharram is the first month in the Hijri calendar that marks the beginning of the new year for the Muslim community. It is considered the second holiest month in the Islamic calendar after Ramadan.

The Muslim community believes Muharram to be a period of intense grief. During this period, the community mourns the death of Prophet Muhammad’s grandson Hazrat Imam Hussain. The first day of Muharram is observed as Al-Hijri and the 10th day is marked as Ashura. The mourning period starts from Al-Hijri and ends on the day of Ashura.

History Muharram holds historical importance for both Sunni and Shia Muslims, as it commemorates the martyrdom of Hazrat Imam Hussain and his son. Prophet Muhammad’s grandson was killed in the Battle of Karbala in 680 AD, after being tortured by the army of Yazid I.

  • Therefore, the Shia community mourn his death by participating in the procession on the day of Ashura, wherein a few indulge in self-flagellation to recreate the suffering experienced by Imam Hussain.
  • People also carry tazias, which are basically the miniature replica of the tomb of Imam Hussain.
  • Tazias are created using bamboo or wood and then decorated with colourful paper and fabrics.

Significance The word Muharram stands for forbidden and sinful, which basically prohibits the community from participating in any kind of warfare. The period is extremely significant for the Muslim community as it is considered as the day of sorrow and remembrance of the death of Hazrat Imam Hussain.

Sunni community mark the day by fasting during day hours on the ninth and 10th or the 10th and 11th day of the month. Muslims also attend special prayer meetings in mosques. Wearing black or green colour clothes is considered as part of the mourning. Date The Islamic calendar is based on the lunar cycle, therefore, dates of Muharram will vary every year in the Gregorian calendar.

This year Muharram started on the evening of July 19, and the ten-day mourning period will end on July 29. Gujarat And The Pyaar Ka Permission Raj? : Date, History, And Significance Of Muharram – All You Need To Know

Should you fast 9th and 10th Muharram?

Fasting the 9th & 10th of Muharram: Virtues & Rules – Home First of all, it is very important to make it clear that fasting on the day of `Ashura’ – the 10th of Muharram- is of great merits in Islam. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Fasting the day of `‘ (is of great merits), I hope that Allah will accept it as an expiation for (the sins committed in) the previous year” (Muslim).

  1. Also, fasting the 9th of Muharram is highly recommended by the,
  2. Imam At-Tirmidhi reported that (may Allah be pleased with them both) used to say: We should fast on two days: the 9th and 10th of Muharram to distinguish ourselves from the Jewish community.
  3. At-Tirmidhi) Explaining the virtue of fasting on the 9th and the 10th of Muharram, Dr.

Muzammil H. Siddiqi, former President of the Islamic Society of North America, states: It is the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) to fast on the 9th and 10th of Muharram. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to fast on the day of `Ashura’.

  1. When he came to Madinah, he found out that the Jews of Madinah were also fasting on this day remembering Prophet Musa (peace and blessings be upon him).
  2. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) admired this tradition and said to the Jews, “I am closer to Musa than you are.” He fasted and he also told his Companions to fast on this day.

(Sunan Abu Dawud) Later, before the end of his life, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) told Muslims to add the 9th day also. Thus, it is recommended to fast on both the 9th and 10th of Muharram. Moreover, in his well-known book, Fiqh As-Sunnah, the late Sheikh Sayyed Sabiq states: Abu Hurayrah reported: “I asked the Prophet: ‘Which Prayer is the best after the obligatory Prayers?’ He said: ‘Prayer during the mid of the night.’ I asked: ‘Which fasting is the best after that of ?’ He said, ‘The month of Allah that you call Muharram'” (Ahmad, Muslim, and Abu Dawud).

Mu`awiyyah bin Abi Sufyan reported that he heard the Messenger of Allah say: “Concerning the day of `Ashura’, it is not obligatory upon you to fast on it as I do. Whoever wishes may fast and whoever does not wish to is not obliged to do so” ( and Muslim). It is noteworthy that Muslim scholars have stated that fasting of `Ashura’ is of three levels as follows: 1.

fasting for three days, i.e., on the 9th, 10th, and 11th of Muharram, 2. fasting the 9th and 10th of Muharram, and 3. fasting only the 10th of Muharram. : Fasting the 9th & 10th of Muharram: Virtues & Rules – Home

What day is the 10th of Muharram called?

What is Ashura? – There are certain days in the year which are more virtuous than others, one such day is the 10th of Muharram which is known as the Day of Ashura. The word Ashura is derived from the word ” Asharah”, which means ten in Arabic. The Day of Ashura is the 10th day of Muharram,